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Acne - Causes

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Our bodies never stop changing, and our hormones play an important role in it. Hormonal changes alone may lead to weight fluctuations, mood swings and even act as a reason for acne or pimples.

People with acne might often wonder: “Why me of all the people in this world?” There are several explanations to causes of acne in some people and not in others. However, the precise cause of acne still remains a mystery. Though we do not quite know the 'why', we do know the 'how'. Acne develops through the pores (hair follicles) in our skin. These are closely associated with oil glands, called ‘sebaceous glands’, which produce sebum. Sebum is an oily substance that lubricates our hair and skin.

When sebum is being secreted, the dead skin cells are also being expelled from the lining of the pore at the same time. Excessive sebum secretion can result in accumulation, thus clogging the pore. Accumulated excessive sebum and dead skin cells lead to swelling around the pore and is a cause of acne. Other reasons for acne could include bacteria that can build up inside the pore, leading to the formation of pus.

Listed below are some of the most common causes of acne or reasons for pimples.

  • Hormonal changes - Hormonal changes that happen in both men and women are among the major reasons for acne on face and other parts of the body. The surplus oil created by these hormones is instrumental in clogging the hair follicles. In women, hormonal changes occur with puberty, menstrual periods, pregnancy, use of birth-control pills and menopause. Each of these is a potential phase for developing acne. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is also a common cause of acne.
  • Genetics - Heredity plays a significant role in the persistence and cause of acne. According to a study published by the National Health Services, if both parents had acne, an individual is more likely to get severe acne at an early age.
  • Medications - Certain medications can lead to severe outbreaks and is a major cause of pimples on face in some individuals.
  • Stress - Changes in the body induced by stress have been extensively studied over many decades. It is not clear if stress is a direct reason for acne on face but it can aggravate existing Acne.
  • Bacteria - Propionibacterium acnes is a tiny microbe or bacteria that lives in the oily region of the skin's pores. The bacteria can aggravate an immune response which causes red swollen bumps and is a major acne cause or cause of pimples on the face.
  • Diet – Consumption of certain foods, including carbohydrate-rich foods, such as bread, bagels and chips is an acne or pimple cause.
  • Cosmetics - Certain cosmetics that are used over a long period of time can be leading pimples on face reason. Certain face creams, foundation creams, overnight creams and moisturizers are known to cause more harm and is a major reason for pimples or acne.

FAQs

What is the cause of Pimples on face?

Reasons for pimples or acne are clogged pores with oil, dead skin or bacteria. Each pore of your skin is the opening to a follicle that is made up of hair and a sebaceous (oil) gland. The oil gland releases sebum (oily substance), which travels up the hair, out of the pore, and onto your skin. Along with sebum secretion, the dead skin cells are also expelled from the lining of the pore at the same time. Excessive sebum secretion can result in accumulation, thus clogging the pore.

What foods are causes of Pimples on face?

An individual is more likely to have acne if their diet includes excessive soda, white bread, white rice and cake. The sugar and carbohydrates in these foods are a major pimple cause as they are high on the glycemic index (a measure of how foods affect blood sugar).

What causes sudden Acne breakouts in adults?

Sudden reasons for pimples or acne breakouts include hormonal changes or hormonal imbalance, unhealthy diet, release of cortisol hormones because of excessive stress and excessive production of sebum.

What does acne on the forehead mean?

Acne that occurs around the hairline and temples are called Forehead Acne. This type of Acne can be a result of certain hair products or can develop due to blocked tiny glands below the surface of the skin. Hormonal changes, stress and poor hygiene are all common acne or pimple causes.

Why does my Acne keep coming back?

Hormonal changes lead to an increase in oil production and can cause acne (often referred to as hormonal acne). As hormonal changes occur frequently throughout an individual’s life, the resultant acne also appears frequently. This cystic nature is the main reason for acne on face and other parts of the body. Cystic Acne is the most serious type of acne that develops when cysts form deep underneath your skin. Accumulation of a combination of bacteria, oil and dry skin cells in your pores can be a cystic acne cause. This type of acne tends to occur in people with oily skin. It is recommended to consult an expert for an effective and safe treatment.

 

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