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Male Pattern Baldness Causes

Male pattern baldness is the most common cause of hairfall in males. It is a hereditary condition causing receding hairline and hair thinning on the head's crown. A family history of hair loss or baldness is one of the major male baldness causes.

According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, over 50% of men over 50 will experience

male pattern baldness to some degree. While heredity is a major reason for hair fall in males, it is not the only reason. Many other factors are hair fall reasons in men.

Understanding Causes of Hairfall in Males and Treatment for Male Pattern Baldness

Understanding the cause of male hair loss is crucial for seeking effective hair solutions. Knowledge of the underlying factors, such as genetics and hormonal influences, empowers individuals to make informed decisions about hair loss prevention and management. Recognising the available treatments enables timely intervention, potentially slowing or reversing hair loss.

This understanding helps improve psychological well-being. This minimises the impact of male pattern baldness on confidence and self-esteem, enhancing overall quality of life.

Causes of Hairfall in Males

Here are some of the hair fall reasons for males:

Hormonal Changes

Male pattern baldness links to the male sex hormones, specifically dihydrotestosterone (DHT) known as androgens. The androgens are responsible for many functions in the body. Regulating hair growth is one of them. (When such hair loss occurs without family history, it is called androgenic alopecia). Male pattern baldness, or androgenetic alopecia, adversely affects the hair growth cycle. At the beginning of male pattern baldness, hair follicles shrink and produce shorter and finer strands of hair. Once each hair's growth cycle ends, no new hair grows in its place, creating a bald spot and making it a main cause of baldness in men. Sometimes, changes in thyroid hormone levels or hormonal imbalances cause hair loss in males. Male-pattern hair loss usually begins with a receding hairline or baldness on the top of the head.

Medical Conditions

An important cause of sudden hair loss in men is alopecia areata. An autoimmune condition where the immune system mistakenly attacks the hair follicles. This results in hair loss in patches. Other autoimmune diseases, such as thyroid, may increase the chances of such hair loss. Scalp infections such as ringworms can also be one of the major causes of male hair loss. The infection penetrates deep into the hair shaft. It causes itching and even leads hair to break off at the scalp's surface or just above it. A hair-pulling disorder called trichotillomania is also a cause of hair loss in men. This condition causes compulsive urges to pull hair from the scalp, eyebrows or other body areas. Scalp psoriasis can also cause hair loss in men. The condition isn't a reason for hair loss itself. However, excessive scratching, picking at the scaly spots, harsh treatments, and increased stress can lead to hair loss.

Supplements and Medicines

Certain ingredients in some medications and supplements can cause hair loss as a side effect. This occurs because the medicines interfere with the normal cycle of hair growth. Medications prescribed for arthritis, cancer, heart problems, depression, high blood pressure and gout may cause hair fall. This is seen in both men and women. Medications cause two types of hair loss: anagen effluvium and telogen effluvium. Anagen effluvium refers to the hair loss that occurs during the growth phase of the hair. Telogen effluvium causes the hair follicles to enter the resting phase prematurely and fall out early.

Poor Nutrition

Nutritional deficiency could become one of the reasons for hair loss in men. It can affect the structure and growth of the hair. Hence, it is an essential reason for hair fall in males. Sudden weight loss or decreased protein intake can lead to acute telogen effluvium. Lack of essential nutrients such as iron, zinc, protein, biotin, and vitamins A, B, C, and E can hinder hair growth. It might lead to experience hair loss in men.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy to the head can destroy the healthy hair cells along with the cancerous cells. It is one of the major causes of sudden hair loss in men, and the individual loses hair very rapidly. Radiation therapy may lead to the thinning of hair or even complete hair loss in some cases. The extent of hair loss depends on several factors, like the treated area's size and the radiation dosage.

Hairstyles and Hair Treatments

Hairstyles and hair treatments also become reasons for hair fall in males. Styles like tight ponytails, pigtails, or cornrows can lead to hair loss, known as traction alopecia. Additionally, excessive hair fall treatments such as hot oil treatments and hair straightening can cause hair loss in men.

Increase in Stress and Anxiety

Many people noticing increased hair loss might have gone through a physical or psychological trauma, illness, or injury. Traumatic events like the death of a loved one, job loss, major surgeries, or divorce can lead to various types of hair loss. The types of hair loss include telogen effluvium, alopecia areata, and trichotillomania. Fortunately, this type of hair loss is often temporary.

The reasons for hair loss in men vary from person to person. An acute understanding of the root cause of hair fall in men is imperative for determining hair fall treatment. This is the foundation of the homeopathic treatment for hair loss in men. Our homeopathic doctors conduct a detailed case history during a consultation at Dr Batra’s®. They also use video microscopy to identify the specific cause of hair loss in men. This information helps us tailor the most effective homeopathic remedies and treatments for each individual

Symptoms of Male Pattern Baldness

Male pattern baldness, known as androgenetic alopecia, is a common condition affecting many men. Recognising the symptoms early can help in seeking timely treatment and slowing down the hair loss process. Here are the key symptoms to look out for:

  1. Receding Hairline: One of the earliest and most noticeable signs of male pattern baldness is a receding hairline. This typically starts at the temples and moves backwards, creating an "M" shape on the forehead. Over time, this can progress further, leading to more significant hair loss at the front of the scalp.
  2. Thinning on the Crown: Another common symptom is hair thinning on the crown or the top of the head. The hair in this area becomes less dense and more sparse. Eventually, this thinning can lead to a bald spot, which may gradually enlarge.
  3. Overall Hair Thinning: In addition to specific areas like the hairline and crown, some men experience a general thinning of hair all over the scalp. This diffuse thinning can make the scalp more visible and contribute to a less whole appearance of the hair.
  4. Shortened Hair Growth Cycle: Male pattern baldness affects the natural hair growth cycle. Normally, hair grows for several years before falling out and being replaced by new growth. In men with androgenetic alopecia, this growth phase becomes shorter, leading to thinner and shorter hairs that fall out more easily.
  5. Finer and Softer Hair Strands: As the hair follicles shrink due to the effects of hormones like dihydrotestosterone (DHT), the new hair that grows back tends to be finer and softer than the original hair. These finer hairs provide less coverage, making the scalp more noticeable.
  6. Slow Progression: The progression of male pattern baldness is typically slow and gradual. Significant hair loss can take years to decades. Because the changes happen slowly, it's important to pay attention to early signs and seek advice from a healthcare professional if you’re concerned about hair loss.

Why Dr. Batra® is the best you can go for? Recognising these symptoms can help you take action and explore treatment options that may slow down or manage the reasons for sudden hair loss in males. Homeopathic treatments, like those offered at Dr Batra’s®, focus on addressing the root causes of hair loss and promoting healthier hair growth naturally. Dr Batra’s® Clinic sets itself apart by employing a team of skilled homeopathic doctors who provide customised treatment plans and medications for hair loss, emphasising patient-focused care. Their dedication to addressing individual needs leads to successful treatment results.

Why Homeopathy Medicine For Hair Fall Is Better?

Male pattern baldness, characterised by a receding hairline and thinning hair on the crown of the head, can be effectively addressed through homeopathic treatments. Here's a detailed look at how homeopathy offers a natural and personalised approach to combating hair loss:

Introduction to Homeopathy

Principles of Homeopathy

Homeopathy is based on the principle of "like cures," where a substance that causes symptoms in a healthy person is used to treat similar symptoms in a sick person. This holistic approach considers the individual's physical, emotional, and mental symptoms to tailor treatment.

Benefits Over Conventional Treatments

Unlike conventional treatments for male pattern baldness, which often come with side effects or limited effectiveness, homeopathy offers a safer and more personalised alternative. Homeopathic remedies are derived from natural substances and work with the body's healing mechanisms to promote hair regrowth and improve overall health.

Common Homeopathic Remedies for MPB

  1. Thuja Occidentalis: Thuja is often prescribed for hair loss associated with dry, brittle hair and dandruff. It helps strengthen hair follicles and promote healthy hair growth. Thuja may also address underlying scalp conditions that contribute to hair loss.
  2. Fluoricum Acidum: Fluoricum acidum is indicated for hair loss with intense scalp itching. It helps improve blood circulation to the scalp and may prevent premature balding. This remedy is especially useful for individuals with a family history of hair loss.
  3. Lycopodium Clavatum: Lycopodium is one of the most commonly prescribed remedies for male pattern baldness. It is recommended for hair loss accompanied by gastric symptoms, such as bloating and indigestion. Patients often report improvements in hair texture and thickness with lycopodium.
  4. Other Remedies: Besides Thuja, Fluoricum acidum, and Lycopodium, homeopathy offers a range of other remedies for male pattern baldness. These remedies are selected based on each individual's unique symptoms and constitution, ensuring personalised treatment plans.

How Homeopathic Remedies Work?

Homeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's innate healing mechanisms. They address the root cause of hair loss rather than just treating the symptoms. They help restore balance and harmony within the body, promoting optimal hair growth and health.

Homeopathic treatment for male pattern baldness involves a thorough evaluation of the patient's symptoms, medical history, and lifestyle factors. Based on this assessment, a customised treatment plan is developed to address the individual's needs.

Benefits of Homeopathic Treatments

  1. Non-Invasive Approach: Homeopathy offers a gentle and non-intrusive alternative to conventional treatments for male pattern baldness. Bypassing the need for surgical procedures or harsh chemicals provides a more comfortable and less invasive option for those seeking hair restoration.
  2. Minimal Side Effects: Homeopathic remedies are prepared with careful dilution, ensuring they are gentle on the body and generally safe for use. Their low risk of side effects alleviates concerns about adverse reactions or long-term complications, fostering confidence in sustained treatment adherence.
  3. Holistic Health Improvement: Homeopathic treatments strive for overall wellness enhancement beyond addressing hair loss. By delving into the underlying imbalances contributing to hair loss, they facilitate comprehensive health improvements beyond cosmetic concerns, promoting vitality and overall well-being.

Medically Reviewed


  • B.H.M.S (Maharashtra University of Health Sciences)

  • FCHD (Fellowship in Homeopathic Dermatologist - Mumbai)


What are the main causes of hairfall in males?

The most common cause of male pattern baldness is heredity. A family history of hair loss or baldness is an important cause of hair loss in men. You may inherit it from either your family's maternal or paternal side.

Does stress cause male pattern baldness?

Stress does not cause male pattern baldness. However, extreme stress can trigger three types of hair loss - telogen effluvium (sudden hair loss after a stressful experience), alopecia areata (an autoimmune condition causing patchy hair loss) and trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder).

Can low testosterone cause male pattern baldness?

It is not the amount of testosterone or DHT that causes baldness. It is the sensitivity of your hair follicles that contributes to it. This sensitivity is determined by genetics. The Androgen Receptor gene produces the receptors on the hair follicles that interact with testosterone and DHT. If your receptors are sensitive, they are easily triggered by even the smallest amounts of DHT, resulting in hair loss and balding.

What gene causes sudden hair loss in men?

The Androgen Receptor gene on the X chromosome is one of the genes associated with male pattern baldness.

Is smoking one of the reasons for hair loss in men?

A study published in the journal Archives of Dermatology about the relationship between smoking and hair loss in men found that current smokers or people who had once smoked but now quit were nearly twice as likely to have moderate or severe hair loss as compared with men who never smoked. The study suggested that smoking may damage the vessels at the very bottom of the hair follicle or even damage the hair follicle's DNA. This makes it a potential reason for hair fall in males.

How do hormones like DHT contribute to male pattern baldness?

Hormones like DHT (dihydrotestosterone) play a big role in male pattern baldness. DHT is a hormone that's made from testosterone. In some guys, DHT can shrink hair follicles (the tiny holes in your skin where hair grows from) on the scalp. This makes the hair thinner and eventually stops it from developing altogether. So, when DHT levels are high, it can lead to male pattern baldness.

How does radiation therapy cause male pattern baldness?

Unfortunately, radiation therapy, which is often used to treat cancer, can damage healthy cells along with cancer cells. When radiation is aimed at the head, it can affect the hair follicles and lead to hair loss. This hair loss can happen gradually during the course of treatment or shortly after.

Which supplements can lead to hair loss in men?

Some supplements, especially in high doses, can contribute to men's hair loss. For example, excess vitamin A, certain protein supplements, and even some weight loss supplements can mess with the natural hair growth cycle and lead to shedding. Talking to a doctor before starting any new supplement regimen is always a good idea.

Does excessive hair straightening and hair styling cause hair loss in men?

Excessive hair straightening and styling can cause hair loss in men. Using heat styling tools like flat irons or blow dryers too often can damage the hair shaft and weaken the hair. Similarly, tight hairstyles like ponytails or braids can stress the hair follicles and lead to hair loss, called traction alopecia.

Which type of nutrition helps with hair regrowth?

Eating a balanced diet with plenty of vitamins and minerals is key for healthy hair regrowth. Some nutrients that are especially important for hair health include:

  • Protein: Helps build hair structure and strength.
  • Iron: Important for carrying oxygen to the hair follicles.
  • Omega-3 fatty acids: Keep the scalp hydrated and promote hair growth.
  • Vitamins A, C, and E: Provide antioxidant protection and support overall hair health.

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