Vitiligo is an autoimmune condition, in this skin condition the pigment-producing cells (melanocytes), which are responsible for determining the color of the skin, hair, and eyes, gradually disappear from the skin. Leukoderma, which causes milky-white areas of skin, can be extremely limiting from a cosmetic standpoint, especially in people with a dark complexion.
What Are The Reasons For Developing Vitiligo
When immune cells kill pigment-producing cells, vitiligo develops (melanocytes). This damage is thought to be caused by an autoimmune condition. When healthy body tissue is attacked and destroyed by the immune system instead of the body's normal function of protecting it from infection, this condition is known as an autoimmune disorder, and at any age may experience vitiligo.
The autoimmune illnesses listed below are linked to vitiligo:
- Addison's disease
- Thyroid condition
- Chronic anemia
Vitiligo in Men, Women & Children
Men and women are equally affected by vitiligo, and children usually develop it. When both parents have Vitiligo, the likelihood of it occurring in a child is greater. The type of vitiligo a person has will frequently determine the vitiligo's causes.
Chemical discharge from cutaneous nerve terminals is one of the most common vitiligo causes. These neurochemicals are thought to be harmful to the skin's melanin, which causes decreased pigmentation.
What Causes Vitiligo, And Why?
The auto-immune condition known as vitiligo results in white patches of skin on various parts of the body and is brought on by the loss of pigment. Skin pigment known as melanin, which is created by melanocytes, gives the skin its natural color. Vitiligo is brought on by melanocyte dysfunction, which causes the loss of melanin.
It is unknown what causes melanocytes to be destroyed. But experts think that the following things work together to cause vitiligo
- Autoimmune Disease
- Exposure to Harmful Chemicals
- Burns and Injuries
Types of Vitiligo
There are two main forms of vitiligo:
Non-segmental vitiligo:It impacts the mouth, knees, feet, arms, and backs of hands.
Segmental vitiligo:It spreads more quickly but is more stable than non-segmental vitiligo. Typically, it affects parts of the skin that are close to nerves.
The following subtypes are used by doctors to classify the extent of pigment loss in the body:
Localized:On the body, vitiligo only results itself in one or a few locations.
Generalized:The body's various regions all exhibit color-loss patches.
Universal:The skin's original color has mostly faded. It is a quite rare subtype
What Is Leukoderma Or Vitiligo? Why Does Vitiligo Occur?
Vitiligo can have autoimmune, neurological, genetic, oxidative stress, or viral causes, yet the exact cause is still unknown.