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Psoriasis Symptoms

Psoriasis Symptoms

The symptoms of psoriasis vary depending upon the type of psoriasis. Let’s look at psoriasis signs and symptoms for each type.

  1. Plaque Psoriasis

    According to an article published by the National Centre for Biotechnology Information, about 80% to 90% of patients with psoriasis suffer from this type of psoriasis. Psoriasis symptoms for this type are as listed below:

    • Patches of thick, raised skin known as plaque
    • A dry, thin and silvery-white coating (scales) covers some plaque
    • Plaque of different sizes
    • Smaller plaque joining together to form larger plaque

    It is also known as psoriasis vulgaris and is commonly seen on the scalp, elbows, knees and lower back.

  2. Guttate Psoriasis

    In this type of psoriasis, psoriasis symptoms appear quite suddenly as tiny bumps on the skin. The bumps seem to be:

    • Scaly and small
    • Salmon-coloured to pink
    • Mostly temporary

    The symptoms of psoriasis in this type are generally seen on the torso, arms and legs. In some cases, the bumps can also develop on the scalp, face and ears.

  3. Pustular Psoriasis

    The primary psoriasis symptom for this type involves pus-filled bumps. While the bumps may look like an infection, the skin is not infected. This is because the bumps don’t contain bacteria or any substances that can cause an infection. Pustular psoriasis symptoms include:

    • Swollen, red skin dotted with pus-filled bumps
    • Extremely painful or sore skin
    • Brown dots (or scales) which appear when the pus-filled bumps dry

    Pustular psoriasis symptoms usually appear on the hands and feet.

  4. Inverse Psoriasis

    Inverse psoriasis symptoms generally include the following:

    • Smooth, red patches of skin that appears raw
    • Minimal, if any, silvery-white coating (scales)
    • Painful or sore skin

    Inverse psoriasis signs and symptoms are most likely to be seen in areas where the skin touches skin, such as the armpits, genitals, creases of the buttocks and other folds of the skin.

  5. Erythrodermic Psoriasis

    This type of psoriasis is serious and can be life-threatening. Erythrodermic psoriasis symptoms are as follows:

    • Redness and scaling almost all over the body
    • Copious shedding of scales
    • Fever, chills and the person looks extremely ill
    • A rapid pulse, muscle weakness and severe itch

    People with this type of psoriasis should seek immediate medical attention.

  6. Nail Psoriasis

    While psoriasis generally affects the skin, it can also affect other parts of the body, such as the nails. The symptoms of psoriasis when it affects the nails are as mentioned below:

    • Small dents in your nails (nail pits)
    • Rough, crumbling nails
    • Yellow, white or brown discoloration under one or more nails
    • Build-up of skin cells under one or more nails, which lifts up the nail

    According to the American Academy of Dermatology, about half the people with plaque psoriasis see signs and symptoms of psoriasis on their fingernails at some point.

  7. Scalp Psoriasis

    Mild scalp psoriasis symptoms may include only slight, fine scaling. Moderate to severe scalp psoriasis symptoms include:

    • Silvery-white scales
    • Red, scaly, bumpy patches
    • Dandruff-like flaking
    • Dry scalp
    • Soreness or burning
    • Itching
    • Temporary hair loss (in some cases)

    Scalp psoriasis symptoms can appear as a single patch or several patches and can affect your entire scalp. It can also spread to the back of your neck, forehead or behind and inside your ears.

  8. Psoriatic Arthritis

    When psoriasis affects the joints of the body, it can cause a condition known as psoriatic arthritis. Symptoms of psoriasis in case of psoriatic arthritis include:

    • A tender and swollen joint, especially in toes or fingers
    • Heel pain
    • Swelling on the back of your leg, just above your heel
    • Joint stiffness in the morning that fades during the day

    Psoriatic arthritis commonly develops in people who experience symptoms of psoriasis for very long. It is important to seek early medical attention for psoriatic arthritis. If allowed to progress, psoriatic arthritis can become disabling.

  9. Palmoplantar Psoriasis

    It is a type of psoriasis which affects the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet. Palmoplantar psoriasis symptoms can be seen as follows on the affected areas of the hands and soles:

    • Red, thickened skin
    • Silvery scales
    • Dry, cracked skin
    • Bleeding
    • A burning, itchy sensation
    • Soreness
    • Thickened, ridged nails
    • Pits or depressions in nails
    • Stiff, swollen joints

Treatment of psoriasis must be targeted to deal with all of the aforementioned emotional affections as well.

 

Symptoms of Psoriasis

FAQs

What does psoriasis look like when it starts?

At the start of psoriasis, the most common psoriasis symptom includes small red bumps on your skin. As the condition progresses, the bumps may get larger, thicker and scaly.

Why am I getting psoriasis all of a sudden?

In most cases, psoriasis symptoms start or aggravate because of a certain event, known as a trigger. Knowing your triggers may help you avoid a flare-up or aggravation of psoriasis symptoms. The common psoriasis triggers include an injury to your skin (cut, scrape, insect bite or sunburn), infections (strep throat or skin infections) and weather conditions (especially cold and dry).

How quickly does psoriasis appear?

According to the National Psoriasis Foundation, while psoriasis can develop at any age, psoriasis symptoms often first appear between the age of 15 and 25 years. Only about 10% to 15% of people with psoriasis get it before the age of 10 and occasionally it is seen in infants. The severity of psoriasis symptoms varies for each individual. Some people may develop such mild cases that they may fail to notice the symptoms of psoriasis.

What conditions can be mistaken for psoriasis?

Skin conditions such as dry skin, rashes, eczema, severe dandruff (seborrhoeic dermatitis) and certain fungal infections may exhibit symptoms similar to psoriasis symptoms.

What do nails look like with psoriatic arthritis?

In case of psoriatic arthritis, the skin underneath the nail may develop discoloured, pink patches. The nail may appear to have trapped oil underneath it. The area can turn brown or golden yellow. In some cases, white spots or white discoloration may also be observed as a sign of damage due to psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis.

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