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Acne - Overview

What is Acne?

Acne is a skin condition that generally occur when the hair follicles on your skin get blocked with excess sebum (oil) or dead skin cells. It is one of the most common skin diseases. Acne is commonly referred to as ‘pimples’ or ‘zits’. Most people believe that acne only affects teenagers. Although it is more common among teenagers, it can affect people of any age. According to the National Institute of Health, about 4 out of every 5 people experience acne breakouts between the age of 11 and 30 years.

Many people experience acne during puberty. It is characterised by pimples on face, pimples on back and pimples on head. It can also be seen on the neck, scalp, chest, shoulders and upper arms. Both men and women can be affected by acne, but it develops differently in both the sexes. Young men tend to get more severe acne outbreaks, whereas women tend to have an intermittent pattern, which is usually related to their menstrual cycles.

Acne or pimples can be seen as tiny, white spots on skin (whiteheads), black spots (blackheads), tiny, painful, red bumps or pus-filled, painful swelling. In a majority of the cases, the condition generally begins around the age of 10 to 13 years. Severe acne can lead to scarring of the skin (acne scars).

Causes of Acne

Every pore on your skin is the opening to a follicle. The follicle consists of a hair and a sebaceous (oil) gland. The sebaceous gland releases sebum (oil) which keeps your skin soft and lubricated. Acne or pimples are caused when skin pores are blocked due to excess sebum secretion. Pimples can also develop if the skin pores are blocked due to dead skin cells or any bacterial build up. Pimples are usually found in areas of the body with most oil glands. Therefore, pimples on face, pimples on forehead and pimples on back are very common. Some individuals also experience scalp acne. Changes in hormone levels also have an impact on sebum secretion. This is the reason acne is more commonly seen during puberty, as hormone levels escalate during this age. Poor personal hygiene can also lead to a build-up of grease, which can trigger pimples.


Acne or pimples can be seen in many forms. There are 4 major types of acne:

  1. Whiteheads – They are tiny, white spots on skin that appear due to closed or clogged skin pores.
  2. Blackheads – They are small bumps that appear on your skin due to closed or clogged skin pores. They are dark or black in colour.
  3. Pustules – They are tender, red bumps with white pus at the tips.
  4. Papules – They are small, red, raised bumps without any fluid, caused by infected or inflamed hair follicles.
  5. Cysts – Cystic acne often appears like boils on the skin. It is the largest in size among the acne types and is rooted deeply within the skin.
  6. Nodules – They appear as small bumps under your skin and can turn red as the surrounding area gets more inflamed. It is caused due to bacterial infection in the skin pores.

What all these types have in common is that they can be treated. They can be almost completely or partially removed from the skin, if treated on time.

Impact of Acne

Though it is a skin condition, pimples are known to cause more damage to the patient's psyche than to the skin. Clear, healthy skin goes a long way in boosting a person’s self-image. Given the fact that pimples can considerably affect the physical appearance of a person, it has a significant impact on self-confidence and self-image. According to a study conducted by the Brazilian Society of Dermatology with adolescents in Greece, acne affects the quality of life. The study found that the impact is proportional to the severity of acne. More severe acne is associated with greater effect on quality of life, with implications on self esteem, body image and relationships with others.

Homeopathic Treatment for Acne

Prompt medical attention is essential for effective treatment for acne or pimples. A natural and safe medium to treat acne is through homeopathy. Homeopathy focuses on individualised treatment. It offers different remedies for different types of acne based on its presentation. The best part about homeopathic treatment for pimples is that it has no side-effects and can be safely taken for a long period of time. Homeopathic medicines also stimulate the individual’s immunity from within. Thus, homeopathy can combat acne or pimples from the root and restore healthy skin, along with a feeling of general well-being and renewed self-esteem.

Why Dr Batra’s™?

At Dr Batra’s™, we have the experience and expertise of having treated more than 10,000 cases of acne over the past 35 years. We have a success rate of 94.3% in treating skin disorders, including acne/pimples, as authenticated by American Quality Assessors.

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How long does scalp acne last?

The duration of scalp acne depends upon the severity of the condition. Generally, it can take between 4 to 8 weeks for scalp acne to heal. Over-the-counter anti-acne shampoos may help in treating mild scalp acne. For severe acne, you may be required to consult a doctor. If you work out every day or prefer washing your hair daily, it is advisable to use mild shampoos to prevent scalp acne and other conditions.

What happens if you don't remove blackheads?

Blackheads are a result of clogged hair follicles on the skin. Excess oil and dead skin cells collect in the opening of a follicle, forming a bump known as a comedo. When it opens and is exposed to the air, the oxidation makes it appear black. If left untreated, blackheads might turn into inflammatory acne. This is because bacteria and oil continue to build up.

Can pimples on scalp cause hair loss?

In addition to causing small, itchy bumps on the skin, scalp acne or pimples on the scalp can cause temporary hair loss. With proper acne treatment, the hair usually grows back. However, in some rare cases, the condition can cause permanent hair loss. If you experience hair loss due to scalp acne, seek medical aid. Our homeopathic doctors at Dr Batra’sTM have the expertise of treating both hair and skin related problems through the natural and safe medium of homeopathy. Book an appointment at https://www.drbatras.com/book-an-appointment to consult our expert doctors.

Why is my face breaking out with acne?

Acne or pimples are a result of blocked hair follicles on the skin due to excess oil secretion, dead skin accumulation or bacterial build up. The face is an area of the body with a high number of sebaceous (oil) glands; hence acne breakout is commonly seen on the face. The bacteria E. coli can be found on the surface of your phones and pillowcases and can transfer to your face from there. Habits like touching your face too many times can also spread the bacteria from the surfaces around you to your face. Maintaining basic cleanliness and healthy habits can help control acne breakout on the face.

How do I stop pimples on my face?

Some easy tips to help control the pimples on your face are as listed below:
  • Wash your face with a mild cleanser at least twice a day to remove excess oil, dirt and sweat.
  • Choose products for your face based on your skin type.
  • Use fragrance-free, non-comedogenic moisturizers that won’t irritate or clog your pores.
  • Stay well-hydrated as dehydration can signal your body’s oil glands to generate more oil.
  • Limit the use of makeup. Excessive use of makeup may clog skin pores and trigger pimple breakouts.
  • Wash your hands regularly and try to touch your face as little as possible.
  • While stepping out in the sun, use an oil-free, non-comedogenic sunscreen.
  • Don't pop your pimples as it can lead to acne scars. It can also clog and cause inflammation in the surrounding pores, worsening the condition.


I am taking treatment from Dr Anupriya for my acne problem. I can see a huge change in my skin problem. She listens my problem and she handle's my problem with care and concern. She the best Doctor. Highly recommended to everyone.

Sangeeta Kushwaha

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