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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome(PCOS/PCOD) - Causes

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder that affects 7-10% of women. While PCOS causes are not definite, it is said to be a condition that is driven by hormones, mainly the male hormone. It is stated by the National Center for Biotechnology Information that considerable evidence from human and animal studies currently supports the hypothesis that excess androgens, acting through the AR (Androgen Receptor), play a key role in the development of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Below are some common causes of PCOS

PCOS CausesPCOS Causes

Hyperandrogenism in women is often a leading sign of PCOS and an excess of androgen can lead to the following:

  • Disruption in the functions of the ovary

  • Painful menstruation

  • Causes a delay in the menstrual cycle

  • Causes excessive facial or body hair

  • Mild to severe acne

  • Excessive weight gain

 

The following puts you at a higher risk of suffering from Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS):

  • Poor Lifestyle:

    A poor lifestyle involves unhealthy eating habits, a bad sleeping schedule, and a stressful working environment (Stress could be both a symptom and a cause of PCOS) and can lead to a fluctuation in your menstrual cycle, in turn leading to weight gain, mood swings, and so on. This is why when PCOS is detected, weight management, stress management, and dietary changes are recommended to help manage polycystic ovary syndrome.
  • Heredity:

    Family history is the most important risk factor for PCOS. If your mother or other women in your family have a history of irregular periods or diabetes, you are more likely to develop PCOS. If a woman is diagnosed with PCOS, her sister has a 40% chance of also having it.
  • Insulin Resistance:

    Insulin is the hormone that helps control your blood sugar level and also plays an important role in weight management. When your body does not use the insulin produced by the pancreas, the insulin in your body accumulates, and eventually, you are exposed to high blood sugar levels. Inflammation and other metabolic complications associated withPCOS may be exacerbated by elevated insulin levels. High insulin levels in some women can also cause skin thickening and darkening on the back of the neck, underarms, and inner thigh.

 

Diagnosing PCOS

PCOS is diagnosed on the basis of the following:

  • The blood contains high levels of 'male' hormones - androgens. Onset signs: Excessive androgens cause excessive facial or body hair growth as well as acne.

  • Menstrual irregularities and a lack of periods

Some tests that may be suggested are:

  • Ultrasound:

    An ultrasound of the uterus, ovaries, and pelvis is recommended to determine whether you have polycystic ovaries and whether an ovary is enlarged. An abdominal scan, in which the ovaries are viewed from the outside through the stomach wall, is another option.
  • Blood tests:

    Blood tests are used to determine the amount of androgen in your body. Other reproductive hormones that may affect your menstruation, such as estrogen, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and luteinizing hormone, may also be tested (LH).

 

Why does PCOS go undiagnosed?

This hormonal disorder, which affects over 10 million women worldwide, goes undiagnosed because it rarely causes pain. Unfortunately, most women seek medical attention only when their daily lives are disrupted by pain. They frequently overlook other important PCOS symptoms such as mood swings, uncontrollable weight gain, increased acne, irregular periods, unwanted hair growth on the face, and anxiety. This ignorance leads to a variety of health complications, including infertility.

 

PCOS and its effects on mental health:

According to a study conducted on PubMed Central, it was concluded that PCOS is also linked to an increased risk of depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder diagnosis. It is linked to worse depression, anxiety, OCD, and somatization symptoms. Women who are diagnosed with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) are prone to suffering from self-esteem issues. Hirsutism, acne, and unexplained weight gain can take a toll on an individual’s psyche.

Besides, medicines used to regulate hormones can cause adverse effects and in most cases and trigger weight gain and the symptoms of PolycysticOvary Syndrome. Due to the indefinite nature of the condition, PCOS treatment must be holistic in nature, as the condition is driven by factors other than hormones, such as lifestyle, environmental changes, and so on.

 

Homeopathy treatment for PCOS:

The conventional medicine for PCOS focuses on the visible and most bothersome symptoms like irregular periods, acne, excess hair, and high blood sugar. However, the underlying cause, hormonal imbalance, is left untreated.

Homeopathy focuses on the underlying cause. Homeopathic medicine for PCOS works to correct hormonal imbalances, regularize ovulation, and restore menstrual normalcy. It also aids in the effective treatment of PCOS-related symptoms.

Also, long-term medicines that are conventionally recommended to suppress the formation of the cyst could lead to side effects like cervical/ uterus cancer. Homeopathy remedies for PCOS effectively treat PCOS with no side effects.

Homeopathy is a personalized treatment, no two women with similar symptoms will be prescribed the same medication. Homeopathy does not advocate a one-size-fits-all approach. each woman is given a different medication, which is specific to her and effectively addresses the root cause of the ailment.

Consult a homeopathy doctor today for effective homeopathic treatment for PCOS.

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