Male Infertility - Symptoms

In most cases, there are no obvious signs of infertility. Intercourse, erections and ejaculation usually happen without difficulty. The quantity and appearance of ejaculated semen generally appears normal to the naked eye. The only symptom most men with male infertility may notice is the inability to conceive a child, but other signs and symptoms may be associated with male infertility, depending upon the cause:

  • problems with sexual function; for example, difficulty with ejaculation or small volumes of fluid ejaculated, reduced sexual desire or difficulty maintaining an erection (erectile dysfunction)
  • pain, swelling or a lump in the testes area
  • recurrent respiratory infections
  • inability to smell
  • abnormal breast growth in men
  • decreased facial or body hair, or other signs of a genetic or hormonal abnormality
  • lower than normal sperm count (fewer than 15 million sperms per millilitre of semen or a total sperm count of less than 39 million per ejaculate)

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