Alopecia Areata - Overview
Alopecia areata is one of the most common forms of hair loss, where hair falls out in small patches leaving bald spots. This condition is an auto-immune disorder and develops when the immune system attacks the hair follicles, resulting in hair loss. Sudden hair loss may occur on the scalp, eyebrows, eyelashes, face as well as other parts of the body. These alopecia patches may appear suddenly, or in a relatively short span of time. Alopecia patches often go unnoticed during its early stages and in many cases, it is first noticed by your hairdresser. According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information, the onset of alopecia areata might be at any age; however, most patients develop the condition before the age of 40.
Types or forms of Alopecia Areata:
- Alopecia Areata (Patchy Hair Loss)
Alopecia areata or patchy hair loss is the most common variation of the autoimmune disease. It presents itself as round, smooth alopecia patches of various sizes on the scalp; forming bald spots.
- Alopecia Areata Totalis
Alopecia totalis presents itself as total loss of hair on the scalp resulting in complete baldness. It begins with small patches of hair loss on the scalp that spread over time until the entire head is bald. This type of hair loss can begin suddenly and occur rapidly.
- Alopecia Areata Universalis
Alopecia universalis is the rarest form of alopecia areata and presents itself as the total loss of hair over the entire scalp as well as the entire body. It is the most severe form of alopecia areata totalis that affects eyebrows, eyelashes, chest hair, armpit hair, and pubic hair.
The condition, though benign in most cases, can be the reason for tremendous emotional and psychosocial stress in affected individuals. Case of alopecia areata in children, can often be intense and emotionally disturbing. Some tend to isolate themselves from their family, friends and others, or appear withdrawn, shy and reserved.
Alopecia areata in men: Alopecia areata occurs in both men and women but is likely to be more significant in men. Men may experience hair loss on their scalp, facial hair and chest. According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information, men are more likely to have a family history of alopecia areata than women.
Alopecia areata in women (Alopecia areata female): Alopecia areata in women leads to hair loss that can occur on the scalp, as well as the eyebrows and eyelashes.
Alopecia areata in children:At any given moment, 1 out of every 1,000 children has alopecia areata as per the American Hair Loss Association. According to the National Alopecia Areata Foundation, children younger than the age of 5 years, typically don’t experience much emotional impact from alopecia. After the age of 5, however, hair loss can be traumatizing for young children as they start noticing how they’re different from others.
More than a cosmetic problem, patchy hair loss is a medical problem. When not treated appropriately, it can progress to complete baldness on the scalp (alopecia totalis). This condition may even result in a severe form of alopecia totalis i.e. alopecia universalis. However, the good news is that this condition often responds well to treatment, especially during its early stages.
Symptoms of Alopecia Areata
The main symptom of alopecia areata is hair loss. Hair usually falls out in small patches on the scalp, forming a bald spot. These alopecia patches are often several centimeters or less. Some other common symptoms of alopecia areata are as mentioned below:
- Excessive hair fall noticed on the pillow and in the shower;
- Increase in the number of alopecia patches;
- Hair loss from beard, moustache, eyebrow and other parts of the body;
- Patches of baldness filling up while new ones appear;
- Patchy hair loss after an episode of stress.
Causes of Alopecia Areata
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder in which genetics play an important role. According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information, the prevalence of adult alopecia areata patients with a family history is estimated up to 8.6%. Alopecia areata in children is reported between 10% and 51.6% in the study.
There are several other contributing factors and underlying medical conditions such as:
- Hormonal changes
- Emotional/physical stress
- Thyroditis (inflammation of the thyroid gland)
- Atopic dermatitis (more commonly called eczema)
Homeopathic Treatment for Alopecia Areata
Homeopathic medicines effectively promote the re-growth of hair and control the progress and spread of bald spots. Homeopathy is an excellent treatment for hair problems related to the mind like stress-related patchy hair loss. According to a study by the National Center for Biotechnology, natural ingredients found in homeopathic remedies like Thuja Occidentalis and Sabal Serrulata are effective in alopecia treatment. It has natural DHT [dihydrotestosterone]-inhibitors that promote hair regrowth, making homeopathy a proven and effective hair treatment. Homeopathy is also good for improving immunity, thereby preventing the immune system from attacking hair follicles that further lead to hair loss.
Alopecia Areata Treatment Results
Our homeopathic doctors develop a customized treatment plan based on the diagnosis and the patient’s individual needs. Dr Batra's™ follows an integrated approach combining homeopathic medicine and aesthetic treatments to offer an effective alopecia areata treatment. We have successfully treated more than 7 lakh patients suffering from hair loss. We at Dr Batra’s™, have a 96.6% patient success rate for treating hair loss, including alopecia areata, as authenticated by the American Quality Assessors.
What triggers alopecia areata?
Is alopecia areata permanent?
Homeopathic treatment is known to aid in hair regrowth as it contains natural DHT [dihydrotestosterone]-inhibitors, making homeopathy a proven and effective hair treatment.