Vitiligo is a pigmentation disorder as it causes the pigment making cells /color giving cells of the skin to deteriorate to produce milky white patches. Occurrence is equal in both sexes and all ages. Exact cause of Vitiligo is unknown but the probable triggering factors are genetics, emotional trauma such as stress, anxiety, fear. Vitiligo can be associated with thyroid, diabetes or any other auto-immune disease. In Vitiligo there is a destruction of the skin pigment cells (melanocyte), which gives skin and hair it’s color through the formation of melanin (skin pigmentation). Melanin protects the skin from harmful effects of UV rays produced by the sun. Vitiligo patches can occur anywhere on the body. Vitiligo is generally found on sun-exposed areas of the body – hands, feet, arms, face and lips. Other areas for the patches may be armpits, groin, the mouth, eye, nostril, navel, genitals and the rectum. Presentation may feature in the following patterns:
Vitiligo affects not only one’s emotional state but also one’s psychological well-being, familial or social life, career and also self-esteem. People with vitiligo are more susceptible to sunburn and also skin cancer.
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