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What causes eczema skin disease in children?

Most kids get itchy rashes at one time or another. But eczema skin disease can be a nuisance that may prompt scratching that makes the problem worse.

The term eczema refers to a number of different skin conditions in which the skin is red and irritated and sometimes has small, fluid-filled bumps that become moist and ooze. The most common eczema cause is atopic dermatitis (sometimes called infantile eczema), which affects older kids as well as infants.

The word "atopic" describes conditions that happen when someone is overly sensitive to allergens in the environment. These include pollens, molds, dust, animal dander, and certain foods. "Dermatitis" means that the skin is inflamed, or red and sore.

It usually improves as the child grows older and resolves by school age or puberty. Some children with skin disease eczema may have more chronic disease like asthma or hay fever.

Eczema Causes in children

Children with skin disease eczema may have a genetic basis – this means it tends to run in families. Children with eczema often have other allergy-type conditions like asthma or hay fever.

Eczema skin disease in children might flare up:

  • after viral or bacterial infections
  • after exposure to substances like dust mite or animal fur
  • after contact with irritating chemicals like soaps or bubble baths, or irritating fabrics like woolen underlays or polyester garments
  • after exposure to foods that your child is allergic to
  • when your child gets too hot
  • when your child is stressed.

In a few children, diet can make eczema worse, although it’s often hard to say which food is causing the problem.

Eczema skin disease symptoms

Symptoms of eczema skin diseases can vary widely during the early phases. Between 2 and 6 months of age, kids with eczema usually develop itchy, dry, red skin and small bumps on their cheeks, forehead, or scalp. The rash may spread to the arms and legs and the trunk, and red, crusted, or open lesions may appear on any area affected.

They also may have circular, slightly raised, itchy, and scaly rashes in the bends of the elbows, behind the knees, or on the backs of the wrists and ankles.

As kids get older, the rash is usually scalier than it was when the eczema first began, and the skin is extremely itchy and dry. These symptoms also tend to worsen and improve over time, with flare-ups occurring periodically.

Children often try to relieve the itching by rubbing the affected areas with a hand or anything within reach. But scratching can make the rash worse and eventually lead to thickened, brownish areas on the skin. This is why eczema is often called the "itch that rashes" rather than the "rash that itches."

Protecting your child from this itchy condition

As mentioned above, eczema can flare up with certain triggers in children; you can prevent them by avoiding possible triggers. Also, curbing the tendency to scratch the rash can prevent the condition from worsening and progressing to cause more severe skin damage or a secondary infection.

You can also help your kid by taking natural homeopathy treatment for eczema skin disease. Homeopathic medicines reduce itching and flare-up, intensity, frequency as well as duration of complaints, limit the spread of the disease, stimulate the healing process, and improve sleep in children. It is safe for children and doesn’t cause any side-effects.

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