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Different Types Of Eczema

Eczema is a skin condition wherein patches of skin become inflamed, itchy, cracked, and rough causing blisters. According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information, symptoms of eczema were detected in 2.7% of children (In the age group of 6-7 years). Symptoms of severe eczema were detected in 0.3% of adults and lifetime prevalence was 4.4% in the general population.

Types of Eczema

  1. Atopic dermatitis:

    is the most common form of eczema. It usually starts in childhood, and often gets milder or goes away by adulthood.
    This type of eczema is brought on by an allergic response to the triggers, which can include foods or environmental allergens. Atopic describes a hereditary propensity for dermatitis, asthma, and hay fever, whereas dermatitis refers to red, itchy skin. Atopic dermatitis cases are obvious when there is a family history of allergies, asthma, hay fever, etc. It frequently occurs in conjunction with other allergic and sensitive disorders, such as rhinitis.
  2. Contact dermatitis:

    This type of eczema appears locally whenever an allergen or irritant comes into touch with the skin (allergic contact dermatitis) (irritant contact dermatitis). Eczema is typically brought on by prolonged interaction with allergens like food and other environmental factors. However, a brief duration of exposure to allergens might also cause an immediate eczema reaction.
    One of the most prevalent types of contact dermatitis is allergy brought on by contact with nickel, a material found in synthetic jewelry. In addition to causing red and itchy rashes, contact with chains, watches, rings, earrings, or other objects can also result in microscopic blisters and skin peeling.
  3. Seborrhoeic dermatitis (Dandruff):

    It is an eczema type that commonly affects the head, margins of the head, and the area behind the ears. This type of eczema shows features of reddish rashes with yellowish, oily flakes. It is commonly seen in people with oily skin and scalp and varies depending on the season.
  4. Exfoliative dermatitis:

    In this type of eczema, the patient experiences a large amount of scaling and flaking on the skin, covering almost the entire body.
  5. Stasis dermatitis:

    This eczema type occurs in areas of the body with poor blood circulation; e.g. the ankles. This type of eczema may develop into ulcers in the long run. It is mostly associated with circulatory disorders like varicose veins, among others.
  6. Nummular dermatitis:

    Nummular eczema, also known as nummular dermatitis or discoid eczema is a chronic type of eczema that causes coin-shaped spots to develop on the skin. These eczema spots are often itchy and well-defined. This eczema type may result in the oozing of clear fluid or dry and crusty skin in many cases.
  7. Neuro-dermatitis:

    It is an eczema type that develops due to emotional stress, wherein the patient feels intense skin itchiness, especially during resting or relaxing. This type of eczema usually limits itself to areas that are easily accessible to the individual such as the lower legs, ankles, back, and sides of the neck. It may also affect the wrists, forearms, and genitals.


What Is Considered As Severe Eczema?

Eczema that affects a large portion of a patient's body is referred to as severe eczema. It takes a long time to heal and is resistant to therapy for this kind of eczema. More severe patches of dry skin can bleed, split, or crust, and they can even become infected.

Is Eczema The Same As Atopic Dermatitis?

Yes, it is a type of eczema, Atopic dermatitis (AD) is the most common type of eczema. impacting approximately 15 to 20% of children and 1 to 3% of adults worldwide. It’s a chronic skin condition that can come and go for years and can overlap with other types of eczema.

How Long Does Seborrheic Dermatitis Last On The Scalp?

Seborrheic dermatitis, sometimes known as "cradle cap," is common. The scalp, face, and intertriginous areas are among the potentially affected areas. Although there may be significant involvement, this condition often resolves on its own if the condition is mildor it takes over 4-8 weeks to improve depending on the severity of the condition.

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